AskDefine | Define complement

Dictionary Definition

complement

Noun

1 a word or phrase used to complete a grammatical construction
2 a complete number or quantity; "a full complement"
3 number needed to make up whole force; "a full complement of workers" [syn: full complement]
4 something added to complete or make perfect; "a fine wine is a perfect complement to the dinner"
5 one of a series of enzymes in the blood serum that are part of the immune response
6 either of two parts that mutually complete each other v : make complete or perfect; supply what is wanting or form the complement to; "I need some pepper to complement the sweet touch in the soup"

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

  • a RP /ˈkɒmpləmənt/, /"kQmpl@m@nt/
  • a GenAm /ˈkɑːmpləmənt/, /"kA:mpl@m@nt/

Homophones

Verb

  1. To complete.
    We believe your addition will complement the team.
  2. To provide what the partner lacks and lack what the partner provides.
    The flavors of the pepper and garlic complement each other, giving a very rich taste in combination.
    I believe our talents really complement each other.
  3. To change a voltage, number, color, etc. to its complement.

Translations

to complete
  • Czech: doplnit
to provide what the partner lacks and lack what the partner provides
  • Finnish: täydentää
  • Hebrew: להשלים
  • Spanish: complementar
to change a voltage, number, color, etc. to its complement

Noun

  1. Something which complements.
    We believe you will make a good complement to our team.
  2. An angle which, together with a given angle, makes a right angle.
  3. Given two sets, the set containing one set's elements that are not members of the other set; the relative complement.
  4. The set containing exactly those elements of the universal set not in the given set; the absolute complement.
    The complement of the odd numbers is the even numbers, relative to the natural numbers.
  5. An expression which is true when the other is false, and vice versa.
  6. A voltage level with the opposite logical sense to the given one.
  7. A word or group of words that completes a grammatical construction in the predicate and that describes or is identified with the subject or object.
  8. Any word or group of words used to complete a grammatical construction, typically in the predicate, including adverbials, infinitives, and sometimes objects.
  9. A complement clause.
  10. A bit with the opposite value to the given one; the logical complement of a number.
  11. computing mathematics The diminished radix complement of a number; the nines' complement of a decimal number; the ones' complement of a binary number.
    The complement of 01100101_2 is 10011010_2.
  12. In the context of "computing|mathematics": The radix complement of a number; the two's complement of a binary number.
    The complement of 01100101_2 is 10011011_2.
  13. computing mathematics The numeric complement of a number.
    The complement of -123 is 123.
  14. An interval which, together with the given interval, makes an octave.
  15. The color which, when mixed with the given color, gives black (for mixing pigments) or white (for mixing light).
    The complement of blue is orange.
  16. A nucleotide sequence in which each base is replaced by the complementary base of the given sequence: adenine (A) by thymine (T) or uracil (U), cytosine (C) by guanine (G), and vice versa.
    A DNA molecule is formed from two strands, each of which is the complement of the other.
  17. One of several blood proteins that work with antibodies during an immune response.
  18. The full number of personnel required to man a ship (esp. a ship of war).
something which complements
  • Finnish: täydennys
  • Spanish: complemento
angle which, together with a given angle, makes a right angle
  • Finnish: komplementti
set theory: relative complement
  • Czech: doplněk
  • Japanese: 差集合
set theory: absolute complement
  • Finnish: komplementti
  • Japanese: 補集合
expression which is true when the other is false, and vice versa
  • Finnish: komplementti
voltage level with the opposite logical sense to the given one
word or group of words completing the predicate, identified with the subject or object
  • Czech: doplněk
  • Finnish: määre, attribuutti; predikatiivi
word or group of words completing the predicate, including adverbials, infinitives or objects
  • Finnish: määre
bit with the opposite value to the given one
  • Finnish: komplementti, binäärikomplementti
diminished radix complement of a number
  • Finnish: yhden komplementti
radix complement of a number
  • Finnish: kahden komplementti
numeric complement of a number
  • Finnish: vastaluku
interval which, together with the given interval, makes an octave
color which, when mixed with the given color, gives black
  • Finnish: komplementtiväri, täydennysväri
nucleotide sequence in which each base is replaced by the complementary base of the given sequence
one of several blood proteins that work with antibodies during an immune response
full number of personnel required to man a ship

References

  • DeLone et. al. (Eds.) (1975). Aspects of Twentieth-Century Music. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall. ISBN 0130493465.

Extensive Definition

distinguish compliment In many different fields, the complement of X is something that together with X makes a complete whole, something that supplies what X lacks.
Complement may refer to:

Biology

See also

complement in Czech: Komplement
complement in German: Komplement
complement in French: Complément
complement in Italian: Complemento
complement in Dutch: Complement
complement in Polish: Dopełnienie
complement in Russian: Комплемент
complement in Slovak: Komplement
complement in Finnish: Komplementti

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

A to Z, A to izzard, IC analysis, accession, accessory, accompaniment, add to, addenda, addendum, additament, addition, additive, additory, additum, adjunct, adjuvant, age group, aggregate, all, all and sundry, allowance, ally, alpha and omega, alter ego, analogon, analogue, annex, annexation, answer, answer to, appanage, appendage, appendant, appositive, appurtenance, appurtenant, assemblage, associate, attachment, attribute, attributive, augment, augmentation, bakehead, band, battalion, be-all, be-all and end-all, beginning and end, bellyful, bevy, black gang, body, boilerman, brigade, brother, bumper, bunch, bungs, cabal, cabin boy, capacity, cast, charge, chips, clique, close copy, close match, coda, coequal, cognate, cohort, commissary steward, companion, company, complete, completion, concomitant, confirmation, congenator, congener, construction modifier, consummation, contingent, continuation, coordinate, corollary, corps, correlate, correlative, correspond, correspond to, correspondent, coterie, counterpart, covey, cram, crew, crowd, crush, cutting, deckhand, deckie, deep structure, detachment, detail, direct object, division, each and every, eight, eleven, enhance, enhancement, enrichment, equivalent, everything, extension, extrapolation, faction, fellow, fill, filler, fireman, first string, first team, five, fixture, fleet, form-function unit, full house, full measure, function, gang, group, grouping, groupment, gun loader, gunner, hand, hospital steward, image, immediate constituent analysis, in-group, increase, increment, indirect object, jam up, junta, kindred spirit, lading, landing signalman, length and breadth, levels, like, likeness, load, mail orderly, makeweight, mate, mob, modifier, mouthful, movement, navigator, near duplicate, nine, object, obverse, offshoot, oiler, one and all, out-group, outfit, pack, package, package deal, parallel, party, peer group, pendant, perfect, perfection, phalanx, phrase structure, picture, platoon, posse, predicate, purser, qualifier, quorum, quota, radio operator, ranks, reciprocal, reciprocate, regiment, reinforcement, reserves, respond to, round out, roustabout, rowing crew, salon, second self, second string, second team, set, set off, shallow structure, side effect, side issue, similitude, simulacrum, sister, skinful, slot, slot and filler, snip, snips, snootful, soul mate, sparks, squad, stable, steward, stewardess, stoker, strata, string, structure, subject, such, suchlike, supplement, surface structure, syntactic analysis, syntactic structure, syntactics, syntax, tagmeme, tailpiece, tally, team, the corpus, the ensemble, the entirety, the like of, the likes of, the lot, the whole, the whole range, third string, top off, torpedoman, tribe, troop, troupe, twin, undergirding, underlying structure, varsity, watch, wing, word arrangement, word order, yeoman
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